Sustainable Water and Land Resources Development
The island state of Sri Lanka aims to take better advantage of its water resources. Consequently, the Mahaweli Ministry for Development and Environment has launched a major investment programme for sustainable irrigation and drinking water supplies from the Mahaweli River Basin. The program is being financed by the Asian Development Bank.
Asian Development Bank (ADB) is supporting a Water Resources Project Preparatory Facility (WRPPF) to assist the Government of Nepal to ensure that improvements to critically important irrigation, drainage and flood protection schemes as well as water-induced disaster prevention activities are implemented efficiently.
Thakot Hydropower Project will exploit the difference in head of circa 180 m between the planned Patan Hydropower Project and the existing Tarbela Project. Various options are being studied to exploit this head. The options include a single dam and hydropower scheme and a cascade of lower dams and hydropower schemes.
The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is supporting the Madhya Pradesh Irrigation Efficiency Improvement Project (MPIEIP) that will achieve high irrigation efficiency and water productivity in two large irrigation schemes in Madhya Pradesh, India.
The Upper Atbara Irrigation Project, located on the right bank of the Atbara River in Eastern Sudan downstream of the existing Khashm el Girba (KEG) Dam, covers some 300,000 hectare net irrigation area. Additional water will also be made available to the existing New Halfa irrigation areas, parts of which had to be abandoned due to water shortages following sedimentation of the KEG Dam reservoir.
The last two decades witnessed a large increase in the imports of food supplies by the Arab countries. Sudan has always been considered the food basket of the Arab countries if its huge resources could be successfully mobilised and properly utilised.
The Genale-Dawa River Basin Integrated Resources Development Master Plan Study will complete a series of ten master plan studies for Ethiopia's major river basins. The specific objectives of the study are to derive a master plan that will contribute to the sustainable development and poverty reduction in the Genale-Dawa River Basin and make optimum use of all natural, physical, human and animal resources with the minimum possible adverse environmental impact.